61% fermentable blend containing lactate and other fermentable materials and water-soluble nutrients including B vitamins and yeast factors.
98% fermentable blend containing both quick-release ethyl lactate and slow-release long-chain oleaginous materials.
The proprietary nutrient blend of yeast metabolites including B-vitamins and other soluble nutrients.
100% natural product that is comprised of chitin (a natural polysaccharide), proteinaceousmaterial, and calcium carbonate.
98% fermentable electron donor for sites where sodium and metals are a concern.
A readily soluble food grade 60% sodium or potassium lactate solution.
WilkeyWhey™ can be stored for extended periods of time if kept dry.
It contains up to 95% fermentable material.
• A readily soluble food grade 60% sodium or potassium lactate solution.
• Great for sites where rapidly established anaerobic conditions are needed, nitrate reduction, and perchlorate degradation.
RAPIDLY ESTABLISH REDUCING CONDITIONS
Our approach to substrate dosing is based on site conditions.
JRW Bioremediation L.L.C. provides substrates and nutrients for anaerobic bioremediation. The substrates provided include highly soluble materials such as WILCLEAR® sodium and potassium lactate, SoluLac® ethyl lactate, and Wilke Whey® whey powder and slowly soluble substrates including LactOil® soy microemulsion, and ChitoRem® chitin complex.
Alternative Electron Donor Evaluation for Enhanced In Situ Bioremediation at INEEL Tamzen Wood (Northwind), Ryan Wymore (Northwind), Jennifer P. Martin (Northwind), Kent Sorenson (North Wind), and Brad Blackwelder (INEEL) Battelle, Seventh Int’l In Situ and On-Site Bioremediation Symposium, Orlando, FL, June 2003.
Low-Cost Reductive Dechlorination of Chloroform in a Fractured Bedrock Aquifer. Bryon Dahlgren (Earth Tech), David S. Woodward (Earth Tech), Mark S. Heaston (Earth Tech), and Steve Olp (Celanese) Battelle, Eighth Int’l In Situ and On-Site Bioremediation Symposium, Baltimore, Maryland; June 2005
An Evaluation of Geochemical Conditions Necessary for the Effective Treatment of Commingled Nitrate, Nitroaromatic, and Nitroazine Explosives in Groundwater
Mark S. Heaston (Earth Tech) and Lisa M.VanDyke (Earth Tech). Battelle, Fifth Int’l Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds, Monterey, CA,
Demonstration of Semipassive Electron Donor Addition for In Situ Bioremediation of Perchlorate. Thomas Krug, Evan E. Cox, David M. Bertrand, and Grant Scholes (GeoSyntec Consultants), and Bryan Harre (Naval Facilities Engineering Service Center).
A form of WILCLEAR® sodium lactate has been used for years as a food preservative. If you ate pre-prepared meat or mass produced bakery goods for lunch or dinner today, those foods most likely were treated with sodium lactate to give them a longer shelf life.
Microcosm studies comparing WILCLEAR® to other soluble donors show that while all four donors stimulate complete dechlorination of PCE to ethene, WILCLEAR® and ethanol have the fastest dechlorination kinetics.
Enhanced reductive dechlorination is based on attaining and maintaining control of an aquifer for a period of time sufficient to degrade all constituents of concern and their daughter products. Attaining and maintaining control of an aquifer is highly dependent on the hydrogeology and geochemistry of the site along with the microbial populations present. Since the hydrogeology and geochemistry is different for every site, a blanket cost can not be given for any specific site. In general, enhanced reductive dechlorination will cost less than $10 per cubic yard of media treated on most non-DNAPL sites. This compares with about $60 per cubic yard for excavation (without disposal) and about $90 per cubic yard for chemical oxidation.
In some cases, MCLs can be attained with enhanced reductive dechlorination. Much more frequently, reductions in contaminant mass of one to two orders of magnitude are common.
Because freight is costed from a warehouse to a delivery point, freight costs are quoted separately. Unless otherwise stated, due to the volatility of the fuels market, freight costs are generally valid for 30 days. Consideration should be given to the receiving facility’s capacity to off load a truck. In situations where the product is delivered to a facility without the capacity to off-load a delivery vehicle, arrangements can be made (for an additional charge) for delivery on a vehicle with a lift gate and pallet jack.
Reinjection schedules should be based on the geochemistry of an aquifer and not on a calendar schedule. In many cases, multiple injections can be spaced further apart over time.
Since the main goal of adding a substrate to an aquifer is to attain and maintain anaerobic conditions for an extended period of time, because of the limited flows clay sites should be ideal for enhanced reductive dechlorination. In practice, clay sites with adequately spaced injection points usually show very rapid response to substrate addition.
Injection spacing should be sufficient to promote robust reductive dechlorination throughout the treatment zone for a time sufficient to attain complete reductive dechlorination. Injection spacing is dependent upon the dissolution rate of the substrate, the dosage, aquifer velocity, and competing electron acceptor and contaminant flux.