61% fermentable blend containing lactate and other fermentable materials and water-soluble nutrients including B vitamins and yeast factors.
98% fermentable blend containing both quick-release ethyl lactate and slow-release long-chain oleaginous materials.
The proprietary nutrient blend of yeast metabolites including B-vitamins and other soluble nutrients.
100% natural product that is comprised of chitin (a natural polysaccharide), proteinaceousmaterial, and calcium carbonate.
98% fermentable electron donor for sites where sodium and metals are a concern.
A readily soluble food grade 60% sodium or potassium lactate solution.
WilkeyWhey™ can be stored for extended periods of time if kept dry.
It contains up to 95% fermentable material.
What is bioremediation used for? Bioremediation is the use of microbes to clean up contaminated soil and groundwater. Microbes are very small organisms, such as bacteria, that live naturally in the environment.
Our approach to substrate dosing is based on site conditions.
JRW Bioremediation L.L.C. provides substrates and nutrients for anaerobic bioremediation. The substrates provided include highly soluble materials such as WILCLEAR® sodium and potassium lactate, SoluLac® ethyl lactate, and Wilke Whey® whey powder and slowly soluble substrates including LactOil® soy microemulsion, and ChitoRem® chitin complex.
JRW is committed to the health and safety of our employees and our clients during the COVID-19 health crisis. Although our core business is considered essential, JRW has taken the step of encouraging all non-essential personnel to work remotely whenever possible. Our communications program seamlessly integrates telephone and web contact with each individual within the organization as well as our clients allowing staff to limit personal face to face contact while maintaining a high degree of personal attention. Each staff member has real-time access to project files and order databases allowing us to work remotely to maintain up to date information about your project and the status of your order. Our technical, logistics and administrative professionals also remain available to assist in your project planning and execution.
We will continue to work to maintain a commitment to superior service throughout the current health situation and hope that you, your staff, and their families remain healthy.
The practice of adding a carbon substrate to the subsurface is an attempt to bring into balance electron donors and electron acceptors within a system. Since the carbon substrate acts as an electron donor, any electron acceptor identified as a “contaminant” can usually be treated with this method.
As an example, if oxygen were considered a contaminant at a site, adding a carbon source would provide the indigenous microbial populations an electron donor which can be metabolized using the oxygen as an electron acceptor. The same can be said for any materials or “contaminants” that can be used as an electron acceptor.
This leaves open a wide range of materials that can theoretically be metabolized, and therefore “remediated” by adding a carbon substrate to a system. To move down the oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) “ladder”, the most common electron acceptors are oxygen, nitrate, iron, manganese, and sulfate.
The metabolism of chlorinated solvents, most notably the chloroethenes, chloroethanes, and the chloroebenzenes degrade through the process of halorspiration or reductive dechlorination with the substrate being fermented to produce hydrogen. Halorespiration can also be an important mechanism for contaminants such as chlorinated pesticides and herbicides.
The process of biologically treating metals uses the differences in solubility of each metal under various oxidative states. Iron is typically insoluble under aerobic conditions but becomes soluble under reducing conditions. A system can be further driven anaerobic producing sulfides that can react with the metals forming insoluble or less soluble metal sulfides.
The following is a short list of contaminants that can be bioremediated through the introduction of a carbon substrate:
Information on the potential to degrade various materials either aerobically or anaerobically through biological means can be found in the Handbook of Environmental Degradation Rates (Phillip Howard, et. al., Heather Taub Printup Editor, Lewis Publishers, 1991).
JRW provides information regarding our products as a service to our clients. JRW is not a consultant and does not provide professional services. Every site is unique and care must be exercised by the practitioner to fully understand their own circumstances.
Enhanced reductive dechlorination is based on attaining and maintaining control of an aquifer for a period of time sufficient to degrade all constituents of concern and their daughter products. Attaining and maintaining control of an aquifer is highly dependent on the hydrogeology and geochemistry of the site along with the microbial populations present. Since the hydrogeology and geochemistry is different for every site, a blanket cost can not be given for any specific site. In general, enhanced reductive dechlorination will cost less than $10 per cubic yard of media treated on most non-DNAPL sites. This compares with about $60 per cubic yard for excavation (without disposal) and about $90 per cubic yard for chemical oxidation.
In some cases, MCLs can be attained with enhanced reductive dechlorination. Much more frequently, reductions in contaminant mass of one to two orders of magnitude are common.
Because freight is costed from a warehouse to a delivery point, freight costs are quoted separately. Unless otherwise stated, due to the volatility of the fuels market, freight costs are generally valid for 30 days. Consideration should be given to the receiving facility’s capacity to off load a truck. In situations where the product is delivered to a facility without the capacity to off-load a delivery vehicle, arrangements can be made (for an additional charge) for delivery on a vehicle with a lift gate and pallet jack.
Reinjection schedules should be based on the geochemistry of an aquifer and not on a calendar schedule. In many cases, multiple injections can be spaced further apart over time.
Since the main goal of adding a substrate to an aquifer is to attain and maintain anaerobic conditions for an extended period of time, because of the limited flows clay sites should be ideal for enhanced reductive dechlorination. In practice, clay sites with adequately spaced injection points usually show very rapid response to substrate addition.
Injection spacing should be sufficient to promote robust reductive dechlorination throughout the treatment zone for a time sufficient to attain complete reductive dechlorination. Injection spacing is dependent upon the dissolution rate of the substrate, the dosage, aquifer velocity, and competing electron acceptor and contaminant flux.